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Architectural Column Pillars, Greek and Roman 18" 

Architectural Column Decorative Styles Timeline. The Greeks developed architectural systems, called orders, each with their own distinctive style, proportions and detail. The orders were Doric, from the 6th Century B.C., Ionic, also from the 6th Century B.C., Corinthian, from the 4th Century B.C., and Composite and Tuscan from the 16th Century B.C.. The Doric style was used primarily in mainland Greece and in the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily. Ionic columns are said to be more thin and more elegant than the doric columns who's column topping capitals are typically decorated with scroll-like designs known as volutes. The Ionic style is found in eastern Greece and nearby islands was adapted by the Romans and used widely until the introduction of the Corinthian Order at around the 4th Century B.C.

The Corinthian style was seldom used in the Greek world, but is often seen in Roman temples. The Corinthian order had elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and engraved with rosettes. They often had scrolled elements at the corners and a boss, or projecting ornament at the top center of each side. Later adapted by the Romans, the Corinthian Order still symbolizes the most ornate of the orders of classical greek and roman architectural expressions. The oldest known example of the Corinthian order is found in the temple of Apollo at Bassae and its from 420 B.C.. The most notable use of the Corinthian in architecture was the temple of Zeus at Athens which began construction in the 2nd century B.C. and it wasn't until about 400 years later by Emperor Hadrian.

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Column Stands, Table Bases, Greek Urns, and Plaques
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