|Romans believed religion was very important.
They believed that gods were responsible for putting them on
Earth and that they also controlled their lives. There were
two parts to Roman religion, household religion and state religion.
Household religion included worshipping gods that you believed
protected your house and family. To worship these gods, every
family prayed to the gods each morning at the altar in their
house. Every Roman believed in other gods and goddesses, which
were largely adopted from the ancient Greek Myths. These gods
were believed to control everything from your experience of
falling in love to your success killing food for dinner.
The male God of Greek and Roman mythology were often the same
entities but with a different name in Rome as in Greece. For
example Eros was the Greek name while Cupid was the Roman name
for the "archer of love". The Greeks called the "god
of war" Ares and the Romans called him Mars. Herakles was
the Greek name for Hercules (Roman) who was the penultimate
hero. In Rome the "messenger of the gods" is known
Mercury which in Greek he was called Hermes.